Father of light; i.e., "enlightening", the son of Ner and uncle of Saul. He was commander-in-chief of Saul's army (1 Sam. 14:50; 17:55; 20:25). He first introduced David to the court of Saul after the victory over Goliath (1 Sam. 17:57). After the death of Saul, David was made king over Judah, and reigned in Hebron. Among the other tribes there was a feeling of hostility to Judah; and Abner, at the head of Ephraim, fostered this hostility in the interest of the house of Saul, whose son Ish-bosheth he caused to be proclaimed king (2 Sam. 2:8). A state of war existed between these two kings. A battle fatal to Abner, who was the leader of Ish-boseth's army, was fought with David's army under Joab at Gibeon (2 Sam. 2:12). Abner, escaping from the field, was overtaken by Asahel, who was "light of foot as a wild roe," the brother of Joab and Abishai, whom he thrust through with a back stroke of his spear (2 Sam. 2: 18-32).
   Being rebuked by Ish-bosheth for the impropriety of taking to wife Rizpah, who had been a concubine of King Saul, he found an excuse for going over to the side of David, whom he now professed to regard as anointed by the Lord to reign over all Israel. David received him favourably, and promised that he would have command of the armies. At this time Joab was absent from Hebron, but on his return he found what had happened. Abner had just left the city; but Joab by a stratagem recalled him, and meeting him at the gate of the city on his return, thrust him through with his sword (2 Sam. 3:27, 31-39; 4:12. Comp. 1 Kings 2:5, 32). David lamented in pathetic words the death of Abner, "Know ye not that there is a prince and a great man fallen this day in Israel?" (2 Sam. 3:33-38.)

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • ABNER — (Heb. אַבְנֵר, אֲבִינֵר), cousin of King saul and captain of his host (I Sam. 14:50–51); from I Chronicles 8:33 it would appear that Abner was Saul s uncle. At court he occupied the seat of honor next to Jonathan, the crown prince (I Sam. 20:25) …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abner — • A son of Ner, a cousin of Saul, and commander in chief of Saul s army Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Abner     Abner     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Abner — (hebr. ‏אבנר‎) ist eine Person des Alten Testaments der Bibel und war Heerführer des Königs Saul. Es wird im 1. und 2. Buch Samuel von ihm berichtet. In der biblischen Erzählung unterstützte Abner nach dem Tod Sauls bei der Schlacht von Gilboa… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abner — ben Ner était le général de Saül puis de David. C était le cousin de Saül. Après la mort de ce prince, il fit donner la couronne à Ishboshet, fils de Saül; mais ensuite, il se rangea au parti de David, et contribua puissamment à soumettre à ce… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abner — Abner, Sohn des Ner, Feldherr Sauls, nach dessen Tode er Jsboseth, Gegenkönig von David, unterstützte, ging aber später, von Jsboseth beleidigt, zu David über u. gewann ihm die übrigen Stämme. Joab ermordete ihn …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Abner — (hebr., »Vater ist Leuchte«), König Sauls Vetter und Feldhauptmann, kämpfte gegen die Philister und rettete nach Sauls Tod bei Gilboa dessen Sohn Isboseth die Herrschaft über Israel. Auch befreite er die nördlichen Stämme von den Philistern und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Abner — Abner, Feldherr Sauls, ging später zu David über, wurde aber von Joab ermordet …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Abner — Abner, Sauls tapferer Feldherr, nach dessen Tode die Stütze Isbosets, trat von diesem beleidigt auf Davids Seite, ward aber von Joab ermordet …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Abner — m Biblical: name (meaning ‘father of light’ in Hebrew) of a relative of King Saul, who was in command of Saul s army (I Samuel 14: 50; 26: 5). It is not common as a given name in England, but has enjoyed a steady, modest popularity in America,… …   First names dictionary

  • ABNER — Latine patris lucerna, vel patris navale, princeps militiae Saul, fil. Ner, patruelis et Socer, ut quidam volunt, Saul. 1 Sam. c. 14. v. 49. Interficitur a Ioab. 2 Sam. c. 3. v. 27. Davide insciô, qui tum composuisse creditur Psalmum 139 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Abner — masc. proper name, name of Saul s commander in the Old Testament, from Hebrew Abhner, lit. my father is light, from abh father + ner light …   Etymology dictionary

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